Eisenhardt 's methodological work.
Bibliography Definition The term case study refers to both a method of analysis and a specific research design for examining a problem, both of which are used in most circumstances to generalize across populations.
This tab focuses on the latter--how to design and organize a research paper in the social sciences that analyzes a specific case. A case study paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or among more than two subjects.
The methods used to study a case can rest within a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method investigative paradigm. Encyclopedia of Case Study Research. What, Why and How?
How to Approach Writing a Case Study Research Paper General information about how to choose a topic to investigate can be found under the " Choosing a Research Problem " tab in this writing guide.
Review this page because it may help you identify a subject of analysis that can be investigated using a single case study design. However, identifying a case to investigate involves more than choosing the research problem. A case study encompasses a problem contextualized around the application of in-depth analysis, interpretation, and discussion, often resulting in specific recommendations for action or for improving existing conditions.
As Seawright and Gerring note, practical considerations such as time and access to information can influence case selection, but these issues should not be the sole factors used in describing the methodological justification for identifying a particular case to study. Given this, selecting a case includes considering the following: Does the case represent an unusual or atypical example of a research problem that requires more in-depth analysis?
Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. For example, if the research problem is to identify strategies to improve policies that support girl's access to secondary education in predominantly Muslim nations, you could consider using Azerbaijan as a case study rather than selecting a more obvious nation in the Middle East.
Doing so may reveal important new insights into recommending how governments in other predominantly Muslim nations can formulate policies that support improved access to education for girls.
Does the case provide important insight or illuminate a previously hidden problem? In-depth analysis of a case can be based on the hypothesis that the case study will reveal trends or issues that have not been exposed in prior research or will reveal new and important implications for practice.
For example, anecdotal evidence may suggest drug use among homeless veterans is related to their patterns of travel throughout the day. Assuming prior studies have not looked at individual travel choices as a way to study access to illicit drug use, a case study that observes a homeless veteran could reveal how issues of personal mobility choices facilitate regular access to illicit drugs.
Note that it is important to conduct a thorough literature review to ensure that your assumption about the need to reveal new insights or previously hidden problems is valid and evidence-based.
Does the case challenge and offer a counter-point to prevailing assumptions? Over time, research on any given topic can fall into a trap of developing assumptions based on outdated studies that are still applied to new or changing conditions or the idea that something should simply be accepted as "common sense," even though the issue has not been thoroughly tested in practice.Political science research, particularly in international relations and comparative politics,has increasingly become dominated by statistical and formal approaches.
The promise of these approaches shifted the methodological emphasis away from case. Political science research, particularly in international relations and comparative politics,has increasingly become dominated by statistical and formal approaches.
The promise of these approaches shifted the methodological emphasis away from case.
A single case study is still a single shot—a single example of a larger phenomenon. The tradeoff between hypothesis generating and hypothesis testing helps us to reconcile the enthusiasm of case study researchers and the skepticism of case study critics.
Case studies and theory in political science. In Regarding Politics: Essays on. A single case study is still a single shot—a single example of a larger phenomenon. The tradeoff between hypothesis generating and hypothesis testing helps us to reconcile the enthusiasm of case study researchers and the skepticism of case study critics.
Case studies and theory in political science. In Regarding Politics: Essays on. Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early ’s. At first it was a. Case Studies These are methods of examining a single case. In a sense we have an N of 1, but we must make some kind of comparison in order to make a causal inference, either within or across cases.
This comparison can be implied.