Admired through the ages as the ultimate epic, Homer's Iliad, along with its companion-piece, the Odyssey, was venerated by the ancient Greeks themselves as the cornerstone of their civilization.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. One of the women in the story, Penelope, was portrayed as very wise but because of her gender she was expected to obey many of the men.
Similarly to Penelope, Arete, queen of the Phaeacians, was equally wise but was viewed almost as an equal to the men. In contrast to the other two women, Melantho was very malicious and was treated similarly to the men in the end of the book.
To begin, Penelope was considered to be extremely wise, but was expected to listen and comply with many of the men. To avoid becoming married, Penelope used her wisdom to devise a trick to keep the Suitors from forcing her to choose one of them.
However, despite her wisdom Penelope, because of her sex, was expected to obey many people of the opposite gender. Clearly, although Penelope was wiser than many men, she was still expected to comply with their orders. Similarly to Penelope, Arete who was the queen of Phaeacia, was very wise, but unlike Penelope was treated almost as an equal to the men.
Contrary to Penelope, Arete was treated almost as an equal to the men of her country. Arete was clearly treated better than most women of her time and was also given credit to her wisdom by many of the men of her country. Melantho had no respect or sympathy for Penelope even though her mistress had treated her as her own child.
She was a daughter of Dolius, whom Penelope had reared and looked after as tenderly as her own child…. For you knew perfectly well — you heard me say so myself — that in my ever-present distress I meant to question this stranger here in my house for any news he might have of my husband.
At the end the book, Melantho along with the other disloyal maids were treated similarly to the Suitors. But he found the whole company lying in heaps in the blood and dust…Then the thoughtful Telemachus spoke.
Clearly, although Melantho was a woman she was treated no differently from the Suitors because of her treacherous crimes. In conclusion, women in The Odyssey were usually treated differently from the opposite gender and were portrayed in many different ways.
For example, Penelope devised many tricks to deceive her suitors but was treated inferior to the men in the story. Finally, Melantho was very different from the other women in the story because she was disloyal as well as unwise and was still killed in an indecent death despite her gender.
More essays like this:The Odyssey gives us two extreme versions of women in ancient Greek society. Penelope is the version of the ideal woman. She is the embodiment of chastity, generosity, cunning, and intelligence. Homer's Portrayal of Women in a Patriarchal Society (The Odyssey) Homer s The Odyssey presents an unconventional, and rebellious portrayal of women for the eighth century BCE, patriarchal society in which it was written.
Essay on Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey The Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey "Homer's Odyssey is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role"(Pomeroy 22).
Throughout history, women have retained a submissive role in society.
Suggested Response: Many of the stories in The Odyssey are designed to show that self-discipline and self-restraint are important, even life saving, virtues. One example is the failure of Odysseus' companions to withstand the allure of Helios' cattle to feed their starving bellies.
T H E STATUS OF ARETE IN THE ODYSSEY For instance, Graham, in a recent publication, sees Arete as an ideal of the type of women that the Greeks of the 8th century thought of as appropriate wives and partners.3 Arete has also at times been related to an idealised pre- historic past and her prominence has been seen as reminiscent of a once-ex.
Homer (/ ˈ h oʊ m ər /; Greek: Ὅμηρος Greek pronunciation: [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that .