Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
When you have a baby with a genetic disorder, they send you to see a geneticist. Sort of like a fortune-teller. I really only had one question left for him: Do people with Down syndrome ever have curly hair?
In our house, hair is a big deal. Specifically, hair that curls. For weeks afterward, my husband Ray and I watched her head carefully for signs of curls. Perhaps Ray and I are so obsessed with hair because both of us had transformations when we learned to let our curly hair be curly.
For me that happened my junior year in college, when I spent a semester in London and got a spiral perm—going to the other extreme from my previous hairdo, which had required hours with the blow-dryer, round brush, and iron.
Okay, so with the perm I looked like Dee Snyder from the heavy metal band Twisted Sister, but that was stylish in the late s, and finally, I felt good about myself. I dated cute boys all summer.
No way am I telling you anything. No, just an entire bottle of No-More-Tangles. She loved to shake her curls. She knew they made her special. But what about Sophie—so tiny in her carrier, with straight black hair and a feeding tube up her nose, chromosomally challenged and days away from open-heart surgery?
Would her hair ever curl? From the look on his face, neither could he, a sweet older man with a booming practice and a packed schedule.
In the time it took us to get in to see him, Ray had done his own homework on the topic of Down syndrome. Before the doctor joined us in the exam room, we met with a genetics counselor who gave us some history.
After Sophie was born and we got her diagnosis, Ray and I took very different approaches, which is weird, since he and I are both journalists, each of us in the habit of soaking everyone and everything for information on any given topic.
Instead I focused on the day to day. I decided I could only live with my baby and learn to love her and get her what she needed. Echocardiograms, rows of pill bottles, a mini-hospital set up in the nursery.
Scariest of all, a few days after this appointment with the geneticist, she was scheduled for open-heart surgery. I survived by taking deep breaths and focusing only on the immediate. I wanted to know about her hair. The day before Sophie was born, I had an ultrasound. And so was Sophie when she arrived, right down to her full head of straight hair.
Selfishly, instinctively, I wanted her to be just like us. And so, I wanted her to have curls. The doctor stared at me.
Then he explained that people with Down syndrome do not have curly hair. Sophie would never have curly hair. I have to admit that I felt a little cocky for having figured it out—but mostly, I just felt sad. And dizzy, both literally and figuratively.As a ˜small place™ Antigua has to resort to highlighting the ˜small things™ to define themselves against the ˜large places™ such as North America and Europe.
The constant need for recognition of the ˜small things™ shows how identity is an important factor within Kincaid™s writing. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
Jamaica Kincaid devotes her essay, Seeing England for the First Time, to her profound mysticism she has towards England as she grows up on the island of Antigua before it . Jamaica Kincaid's essay On Seeing England for the first Time - Jamaica Kincaid's essay On Seeing England for the first Time "It's shit being Scottish.
We're the scum of the fucking earth. Some people hate the English. I don't. They're just wankers.
We're the ones what were colonised by wankers. Jamaica Kincaid (/ k ɪ n ˈ k eɪ d /; born May 25, ) is an Antiguan-American novelist, essayist, gardener, and gardening writer.
She was born in St. John's, Antigua (part of the twin-island nation of Antigua and Barbuda).She lives in North Bennington, Vermont (in the United States) during the summers, and is Professor of African and African American Studies in Residence at Harvard.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The emergence of Antigua and Barbuda as an independent nation was the result of the confluence of a number of international currents with the local struggles for decolonization.