Juvenile Records Introduction This is an overview of West Virginia juvenile law and court procedures.
But, the paternalism and interventionism of the status offense system dates back to the turn of the 20th century. The early juvenile courts were built on the doctrine that the state has the responsibility and authority to protect persons legally unable to act on their own behalf.
For kids, it was believed that illegal behavior was the result of poor parenting, in which case the state was better suited to care for, control, and rehabilitate them.
National Center for Juvenile Justice,https: Juvenile Law Center, https: Nadja Popovich, "Do US laws that punish parents for truancy keep their kids in school? As demonstrated below, such criminalizing responses are often subject to unchecked biases and cause harm to kids—all while misusing resources and a system that is intended to keep communities safe.
This concept has been noted by other experts in the field, including Francine Sherman and Annie Balck,https: Not surprisingly, these varying perspectives lead to disparate consequences for kids, especially girls. Detention Reform and Girls: And, once in court, a higher percentage of girls were sent to reformatories than boys.
Prevention, Treatment, and Control, https: While these disparate laws no longer exist, girls today are still typically sent to the justice system for less serious offenses status offenses and technical violations than boys, and they are more likely to be detained and stay in juvenile justice facilities longer for those minor offenses.
Lindsay Rosenthal,https: Including girls, these kids are most likely to have limited access to programs that meet their service needs and be subject to biases that lead to harsher reactions to their misbehaviors. APA,https: The New Press, And, kids who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual are more likely to be stopped by police, arrested, and convicted for engaging in the same behaviors as their straight peers.
A Practice Guide Oakland: Impact Justice,https: In other words, kids who are already less privileged—in how they are perceived and in their access to services—are more likely to have their misbehavior criminalized.
The discretion to redefine status offenses as crimes System players not only have great discretion in whether misbehaviors are sent to court, but they can also choose to escalate cases to more serious charges.
Lowenkamp and Edward J.
Council of State Governments Justice Center,https: Kids who receive services in their own homes and communities are able to maintain and even build connections to their families and other support systems, while also continuing to go to school, work, and other pro-social activities.
And, the very experience of being in court increases the likelihood that kids will engage in future criminal activity. While research shows the effect of the court experience, there is no available research on the mechanisms by which court experience affects kids.
Tremblay, and Frank Vitaro,https: This trajectory is worsened when court involvement leads to sanctions such as detention and out-of-home placement—as it does for thousands of status offense cases each year.
Sarah Hockenberry and Charles Puzzenchera,https: Locking kids up disrupts existing protective factors that could help kids do better—isolating them from their families and support networks and interrupting their education and other positive activities such as jobs and after school programs.
It can also expose them to a range of harmful experiences, including violence and abuse from peers and staff in facilities.– The prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency is a subject which must be addressed by society today. Early intervention is the best approach to preventing juvenile delinquency.
Prevention requires individual, group and organizational efforts aimed at keeping adolescents from breaking the law. Question description. Assignment 1: Combating Juvenile Delinquency. Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research your community’s current efforts to deter or prevent juvenile delinquency through incarceration programs or other sanctions.
TOOLS FOR PROMOTING EDUCATIONAL SUCCESS AND REDUCING DELINQUENCY STEP 9 School Re-enrollment and Transition from Juvenile Justice Facilities. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.
4. The classification of juveniles as serious, violent, and chronic offenders is an important legal distinction. Substance abuse and addiction are preventable disorders that interfere with normal healthy functioning, contributing to physical and behavioral health problems, injuries, lost income and productivity, and family dysfunction.
Delinquency prevention efforts seek to redirect youth who are considered at-risk for delinquency or who have committed a delinquent offense from deeper involvement in the juvenile .