An introduction to the history of the catholic church

Many soldiers in his army were Christians, and his army was his base of power. With LiciniusEastern Roman emperorhe issued the Edict of Milan which mandated toleration of all religions in the empire.

An introduction to the history of the catholic church

So while much has been written of Catholicism's outspoken stance of sexual morality, and more generally of its tendency post-Reformation to regard anything modern as negative, less has been written of its social gospel, often called its 'best kept secret'.

Yet contemporary Catholicism embraces a distinctive set of social principles - supporting the rights of workers, opposing unfettered capitalism, defending the rights of oppressed people, campaigning for a more equal global trading and political balance between the countries of the industrial north to the developing south - that stretch back through landmark papal encyclicals like Rerum Novarum to Jesus's Sermon on the Mount.

Internal factors

The Sacraments Catholicism is a faith that revolves around the seven sacraments - baptism, reconciliation, Eucharistconfirmationmarriageholy orders joining the priesthood and the sacrament of the sick once called extreme unction or the last rites.

The importance of receiving Christ's body and blood at communion as the bread of life is central. Saints The Catholic Church places great emphasis on moral law and is strong in its devotion to saints.

It embraces a mystical dimension - most clearly visible in its liturgy - which sits uneasily with the modern secular and scientific world. At various Marian shrines around the world, for instance, the Catholic Church believes that a small number of miracle cures of illness have been effected. Great emphasis is placed on the ascetic tradition of religious life as either separation from worldly concerns or, in the words of Pope John Paul II - as 'a sign of contradiction' in contemporary culture.

Catholicism retains from earliest times a strong sense of sin and correspondingly of God's redeeming love. Its previous Pope, the charismatic Polish-born Pope John Paul II, was widely hailed as the 'spark from heaven' who ignited the revolutions that swept away the Iron Curtain in the late s.

In the developing world, its congregations grow apace and its seminaries and convents have no shortage of vocations to the religious life. In Europe and North and South America, however, numbers of churchgoers have dwindled and papal authority has been questioned. There has been a marked exodus from the priesthood and female religious orders since the s.

Traditional ministries in running schools and hospitals have had to be abandoned for lack of clergy and nuns, while a series of scandals involving first the finances of the Vatican and later the behaviour of paedophile priests has dented its moral authority. In order to see this content you need to have both Javascript enabled and Flash installed.

Visit BBC Webwise for full instructions Survey on sexual morality A study suggests that most practising Catholics are ignoring the Church's teachings on contraception and sex.

Introduction: A History of the Church in Objects

The contraceptive pill is used by The survey also found that more than half think that the teaching should be revised.INTRODUCTION TO CHURCH HISTORY I. WHAT IS CHURCH HISTORY? A. History may be defined first as an incident.

An introduction to the history of the catholic church

B. A second meaning for history is information about an The Struggle of the Old Catholic Imperial Church for survival. c. The Supremacy of the Old Catholic Imperial Church.

Roman Catholicism | History, Definition, & Facts | timberdesignmag.com

2. Medieval Church History. a.

The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) is the "path to Rome" for many. The whole Church benefits from the addition of new members to the community of the faithful. The basic tenets and practices of Catholicism spring from the assertion that the Catholic Church is the one true church with the Pope at its head. Mike Aquilina & Grace Aquilina. "Introduction" from A History of the Church in Objects (Notre Dame: Ave Maria Press, ): Reprinted with permission of Ave Maria Press. The Author. Mike Aquilina is vice president of the St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology.

The. The basic tenets and practices of Catholicism spring from the assertion that the Catholic Church is the one true church with the Pope at its head. The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) is the "path to Rome" for many. The whole Church benefits from the addition of new members to the community of the faithful.

Aug 07,  · Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization. Along with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism, it is one of the three major branches of Christianity.

The number of Roman Catholics in . CHURCH HISTORY TIMELINE *Introduction Church History Notes - *Introduction (PDF) 1 - Creation Out of Nothing Church History Notes - 1 Catholic Religion Teacher "Become a .

The history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and His teachings (c.

4 BC – c. AD 30), and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus.

Roman Catholicism | History, Definition, & Facts | timberdesignmag.com